The commercial vehicle market is laden with terminology that can be confusing to the uninitiated. So Fleet Auto News thought we would provide some brief definitions of the main ones to familiarise yourself with:
- LCV – Though LCV does have different meanings around the world, it is generally accepted that it includes a variety of utility vehicles, vans, cargo vans and light trucks with a gross vehicle mass (GVM) over one tonne (1000 kg) and less than 3.5 tonnes without a payload.
- GVM – Gross Vehicle Mass – This is a rating that stipulates the maximum total weight of a vehicle and its load (including any trailers and load) that the vehicle is engineered to carry as it hits the road. Also sometimes referred to as GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight)
- Payload – This represents the total weight of cargo that can be carried by a vehicle. It can be derived by subtracting the weight of the cab chassis and any fitted body type from a vehicle’s GVM
- TARE weight – Sometimes called unladen weight, is the weight of an empty vehicle or container. By subtracting it from the gross weight (GVM), the weight of the goods carried (payload) may be determined.
- Wheelbase – distance between front and rear axles
- Kerb weight – The kerb weight is the weight of the basic cab and chassis before any specific body has been added.
- Cab-chassis – The basic vehicle before body type is added – Includes cab, chassis, engine, transmission, driveline etc.
- GTM – Gross Towing Mass – The total weight of a trailer and its load
- GCM – Gross Combination Mass – The total weight of a vehicle and its load plus any equipment, trailer, and its load. This total should not exceed a vehicle GVM
After publishing this article several readers of Fleet Auto News shared their experiences with state bodies and inspectors. It appears not everyone has the same understanding or interpretation of the rules applying to these explanations.
Here are some links to some other resources on this topic to help provide some more information.